SPATIAL-PHYSICAL INEQUALITY WITH EMPHASIS ON INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN TWO IMPORTANT METROPOLISES OF ISLAMIC WORLD (COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TEHRAN AND CAIRO)
In today's world which has turned into an arena for increasing development of urban spaces, a sort of spatial-structural inequality can be observed in urban places of the world particularly in developing countries which has manifested itself in special formats and symbols. This study surveys and analyzes the spatial-structural inequality phenomenon in two metropolises of Islamic world- Tehran and Cairo. It tries to explain the mechanism by which these spatial inequalities appear as well as differences and similarities of their effects. In this study informal settlements are selected as a component which particularly implies spatial- structural inequality. The goal of this study is recognition of spatial pattern of formation of unequal and contradictory spaces in these two metropolises. The approach of this research is descriptive, analytic and casual-comparative.
Data is gathered by documentation study, field study and other qualitative methods of research and finally the structural similarities and discrepancies in the both metropolis was studied and the results have presented in tables format and GIS maps. Our results show that emergence of inequality in both metropolises can be justified and explained from political economic point of view. Spatial-structural inequality in Cairo is caused by diffusion and spread of capitalism thoughts after Second World War and economic reforms in a seaside metropolis. The spatial-structural inequality in Tehran is the as a result of inevitable invasion of modernization thoughts and a sort of monoculture economy dependent on petroleum. The manifestation of spatial-structural inequality in both metropolises is anomalistic settlements which might be seen inside and in fringing areas of the city. These types of settlements are spreading increasingly.
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