WHY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CDM AND REDD IS DIFFICULT IN THE BOLIVIAN AMAZON? A CASE OF STUDY IN A MUNICIPALITY OF NORTHERN BOLIVIAN AMAZON
Currently, many hopes are put on projects related to ‘Clean Development Mechanism’ (CDM) as well as ‘Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation’ (REDD), with regard to possible benefits they might offer for the mitigation of climate change. This study seeks to contribute to the debates pertaining to the potentials and deficits of different alternatives. Landsat Images for the years 1986, 2000 and 2011 were used to analyze land cover changes in the municipality of Riberalta in the Bolivian Amazon, in order to identify areas with a potential for CDM and REDD projects. Furthermore, 138 interviews were carried out with peasant, indigenous and urban population in the municipality to evaluate their perception and knowledge regarding forest valuation, CDM and REDD projects. The results illustrate that a total of 4.3% of the municipal area are available for reforestation activities, but only 0.58% of this area can be considered under CDM projects. Moreover, it was identified that 74.03% of the municipal surface could be used for REDD projects. However, there is still a considerable lack of knowledge within the local population with regard to these projects as well as the issue of climate change. Despite this, local population highly values forest resources and in particular non-timber forest products (NTFP). It was concluded that there is considerable potential for CDM and REDD project in the municipality, but their application requires capacity-building and coordination of efforts with local population in order to guarantee the success of a possible implementation.
Deforestation, Forest Degradation, Forest Perception, Bolivian Amazon, CDM, REDD
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