REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

Jeganathan C., Pramod Kumar, Kshama Gupta, Rahul D. Garg, Anand Kr. Sinha, Kirti Avisek, Ramesh Hebbale

Abstract


Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and important branches of engineering, comprises of many sub-divisions such as surveying (topographic/cadastral/natural resources etc.), construction (urban/rural/municipal infra-structure/materials etc.), transportation (roads/bridges/traffic etc.), water resources (water supply/treatment/ canals/dams/ storm/sewers etc.), environmental (chemical and biological waste/public-health/pollution-impact/remedy/resource management etc.), geological (rock, soil mechanics/ earthquake engineering etc.) and coastal (erosion/flood defense/hydro-dynamics etc.). In simple terms the civil engineering applications can be divided into two groups: a) human related b) environment related, and remote sensing plays a vital role in providing required near-real-time images/data about the ground/topography/weather/ landcover which will potentially help the civil engineers for effective planning and decision making

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